Learning Math: Data Analysis, Statistics, and Probability
Probability
Investigate some basic concepts of probability and the relationship between statistics and probability. Learn about random events, games of chance, mathematical and experimental probability, tree diagrams, and the binomial probability model.
In This Session:
Part A: Probability in Statistics
Part B: Mathematical Probability
Part C: Analyzing Binomial Probabilities
Part D: Are You a Random Player?
Homework
Part A: Probability in Statistics
Part B: Mathematical Probability
Part C: Analyzing Binomial Probabilities
Part D: Are You a Random Player?
Homework
In this session, you will explore some basic ideas about probability, a subject that has important applications to statistics.
Materials Needed:
•  Two sheets of 36″ x 24″ poster board 
•  Two quarters 
•  A pair of dice (each die should be a different color) 
•  Colored pencils (optional) 
The goal of this session is to understand some basic ideas of probability and some of the relationships between probability and statistics. You will investigate probability by exploring the following: See Note 1 below. 

•  Random events 
•  Games of chance 
•  Finite, equally likely probability models 
•  Mathematical probabilities and the probability table 
•  Tree diagrams 
•  The binomial probability model 
Key Terms
Previously Introduced:
frequencyNew in This Session:
binomial experiment
binomial probability model
experimental probability
mathematical probability
outcome
Pascal’s Triangle
probability table
random experiment
tree diagram